3.1 Publications

The majority of the scientific publications were produced by “Universities”, “Research Centers supervised by GSRT” and “Public Health Institutions”. These were followed by “Technological Educational Institutes”, “Other Public Research Centres”, “Private Health Institutions”, “Other Public Institutions” and “Other Private Institutions”.

In detail, during 1996-2010, the category “Universities” was the top performing institution category –in terms of the number of publications–. Indeed, the great majority of Greek publications was produced with the participation of Universities. As a result, the annual change in the number of publications issued by Universities actually defined the change in the total number of Greek publications. Until 2009, Universities experienced a constant growth in their publications. In 2010, a small decline was observed and Universities produced fewer publications (8,387) compared to 2009 (8,742) (Figures 3.1.1 and 3.1.2).

“Research Centres supervised by GSRT” are second in terms of the number of publications –with 1,348 publications in 2010–. Up to 2008, their publications followed an upward trend and started decreasing in 2009 and 2010 (Figures 3.1.1 and 3.1.2).

In the health sector, “Public Health Institutions” were ranked third among the eight institution categories, producing 1,090 publications in 2010 (Figure 3.1.1). It was after 2008, that publications of Public Health Institutions exhibited a considerable decline (Figures 3.1.1 and 3.1.2).

The publication output of “Technological Educational Institutes (TEI)” was lower –with 483 publications in 2010 (Figure 3.1.1)–. Since 2006, the category holded the 4th place among all institution categories. However until 2008, its growth rate was well above the average rate of Greek publications. In 2009 and 2010, similarly to other institution categories, TEI’ s publications followed a decreasing trend (Figures 3.1.1 and 3.1.2).

The category “Other Public Research Centres” includes 8 research institutions supervised by several Ministries. With a publication output of 356 publications in 2010, the category displayed a steady upward trend (Figures 3.1.1 and 3.1.2).  

The publication output of “Private Health Institutions” varied with up-and-downs trhougout the period. Following 2008, we observed a negative change rate. In 2010, Private Health Institutions produced 277 publications (Figures 3.1.1 and 3.1.2).

Other Public and Private Institutions made a smaller contribution to the total publication output –e.g in 2010 accounted for 133 and 167 publications respectively (Figure 3.1.1)–.


Figure 3.1.1



Figure 3.1.2



Figure 3.1.3 shows the share of the total number of Greek publications* per each institution category for the latest five year period 2006-2010. Universities were ranked first with a share of 82.5%. They were followed by Research Centres supervised by GSRT (13.7%), Public Health Institutions (11.5%), Technological Educational Institutes (4.6%), Other Public Research Institutions (3.3%), Private Health Institutions (2.8%), Other Private Institutions (1.8%) and Other Public Institutions (1.1%).


Figure 3.1.3




As demonstrated in the Methodology (Annex Ι), each institution category received a whole count of the publication (whole counting) for publications produced as a result of collaboration between institutions in different institution categories. The (%) share of publications by institution category was calculated as a proportion of the total number of Greek publications (Figure 3.1.3) and indicated the degree of “participation” of each category to Greece’s total publication output. Hence, in the case of Universities, a share of 82.5% would mean that Universities participated in 82.5% of the total number of Greek publications.